Research Paper

A Preliminary Study on Participants' Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions towards Collecting Corpse Specimens in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic: Cases from the Taiwan Roadkill Observation Network

新冠肺炎爆發期間路殺社參與者對於動物屍體標本蒐集的態度與行為意圖初探

Chia-Hsuan Hsu 許嘉軒, Te-En Lin 林德恩

Published on: June 2021

DOI: 10.6555/JEER.17.1.129

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2021 vol.17 no.1 pp.129-157

Abstract

In the time of COVID-19 pandemic, there have been several severe impacts on human activities all over the world. Some researchers presume that the COVID-19 virus might originate from wild animals such as pangolins and bats. Taiwan Roadkill Observation Network (TaiRON) is the most popular citizen science project which recruits volunteers (citizen scientists) to collect animal carcass specimens from roadkill in Taiwan. This pilot study is to understand the volunteers' attitudes and pro-environmental behaviors. A two-phase decision model for the theoretical framework has been used in this study. A total of 121 valid questionnaire responses have been collected. Among them, 70 participants have experiences in collecting corpse specimens while 51 have no such experiences. The preliminary result reveals that the attitudes of participants with or without the experience of collecting specimens have no significant differences by Chi-squared test. However, the participants who had the specimen collection experience scored higher than those who did not have experience in the behavioral intention dimension. It has been speculated that the volunteers who had the experience could understand the potential risks more easily and protect themselves. Overall, all of the participants were willing to conduct the specimen collection behavior. This could be due to the relatively stable COVID-19 situation in Taiwan in comparison to the rest of the world during the survey period. Thus, after the citizen scientists assessed the condition, they still wished to contribute to scientific research and conservation. Moreover, in the past 10 years, the TaiRON has been dedicated to promoting environmental education so that its volunteers have positive environmental consciousness and confidence.

中文摘要

有鑑於新冠肺炎(COVID-19)流行至今,已經影響、改變了人類的行為與活動。然而科學家們大多認為新冠肺炎的起源,可能與不當的利用野生動物(例如穿山甲或蝙蝠)有關。臺灣動物路死觀察網(以下簡稱路殺社)是一個紀錄動物路死的公民科學計畫,為目前臺灣參與人數最多、規模最大的公民科學計畫。參與者(或稱公民科學家)僅須利用簡單的操作,以手機拍攝路死動物之照片,即可將資料上傳至資料庫,供後續科學研究之利用。除此之外,若路死動物標本完整,參與者則可以將標本蒐集後寄至特有生物研究保育中心,進行後續分析。但隨著新冠肺炎疫情發展,人們擔心病毒可能源自於野生動物並直接傳染給人類。本研究希望瞭解疫情爆發後路殺社參與者對於蒐集動物屍體的態度與行為,共蒐集了121份有效問卷,其中包含51位未曾採集過屍體標本之參與者,以及70位曾經採集過標本之參與者。本研究將蒐集屍體資料視為親環境行為,而使用二階段決策模型作為理論基礎,探討兩群(有無蒐集經驗)受測者之親環境態度與行為意圖。以卡方檢定有無蒐集經驗之親環境態度的各個面向,結果顯示相互獨立,即兩群受測者在環境態度各個面向皆相同。而在親環境行為的面向,可行性評估及行為意圖在兩群受測者間相互不獨立,也就是有無蒐集標本經驗者在環境行為面向上有所不同,有蒐集標本經驗之受測者較傾向繼續進行推廣及蒐集標本之行為,推測應與先備經驗有關,有經驗者較能瞭解潛在風險並做好相對應的防護。總體而言,受測者有很高的比例願意繼續進行蒐集標本的親環境行為,可能與調查期間我國疫情狀況尚未急遽變化有關,以及路殺社公民科學十年來致力於環境教育,使受測者具有正向的環境意識和信心。

Keyword: citizen science, COVID-19, Taiwan Roadkill Observation Network, pro-environmental behavior, environmental attitudes, 公民科學, 新冠肺炎, 臺灣動物路死觀察網, 親環境行為意圖, 環境態度

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