Research Paper

The Effectiveness of the Little Green Sprout Award Curriculum on Elementary School Students' Daily Environmental Practices

環保署小綠芽獎教案在國小生活環保之教學成效

Shih-Tsen Liu劉思岑, Chen-Chang Chen陳錦昌, Ling-Chu Wu吳鈴筑, & Su-Hwa Lin林素華

Published on: March 2010

DOI: 10.6555/JEER.7.2.075

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2010 vol.7 no.2 pp.75-110

Abstract

The Little Green Sprout Curriculum is based on the award winning environmental education books published by the Environmental Protection Agency and given to every elementary and middle school in Taiwan. The main purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the curriculum on elementary school students' knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding daily environmental practices. This study applied a quasi-experimental research design targeting three classes of 5th-grade students.The research findings show that reading books can improve student's daily environmental protection knowledge; however, in terms of attitudes and behavior, the reading method does not significantly change students' attitudes and behavior. Still the study revealed several benefits of the curriculum. Implementing the curriculum in conjunction the specific readings is a way to help students to show their friendly attitudes and behavior. One of the few disadvantages of applying the curriculum in class is for teachers to obtain a sufficient number of the books for one class. Teachers also need to adjust parts of the curriculum content in order to fit different school situations and to provide longer evaluation time. However, in using the curriculum, teachers save time on book selection and curriculum design. Likewise, teachers can apply diverse materials to enhance learning interests and to enrich the teaching activities. Finally, teachers can understand students' learning effect in daily environmental protection and even other aspects through multiple evaluation methods.

中文摘要

「小綠芽」教案為環保署針對遴選出之優良環境教育叢書所設計及發放至全台國中、小學的搭配教案。本研究旨在探討以小綠芽教案進行國小生活環保教學,對學生的知識、態度與行為等三方面之影響,並瞭解教師運用小綠芽教案時的優點與困境。本研究採準實驗設計,以國小五年級三個班的學生為研究對象,結果顯示,光閱讀書籍就能提升孩子們的生活環保知識,但在生活環保的態度與行為方面,若單以閱讀書籍的方式並無法明顯地影響學生,唯有在閱讀後一併實施小綠芽教案,才能讓學生在生活上表現出對環境友善的態度與行為。運用小綠芽教案於課堂中的少數缺點是教師不易取得足夠全班閱讀的圖書量,且仍需微調教學內容以配合不同學校之狀況,並得安排較長的時間以完成評量。但透過小綠芽教案,教師能省去更多挑選書籍及規劃課程的煩瑣時間,同時運用多元的教學媒材來引發學生學習興趣,讓教學活動更豐富,並能藉由教案所提供的多種評量方法來瞭解學生在生活環保,甚至其他方面的學習成果。

Keyword: Little Green Sprout Award, environmental practice, environmental knowledge, environmental attitudes, environmental behaviors